Check Kid’s Feet Before School Starts
Simple At-home Checks Help Spot Foot Problems
While preparing for the new school year, it is recommended that parents take five minutes at home to check for signs of possible foot disorders that could prevent active children from participating in sports and other activities.
Add these additions to this year’s back-to-school checklist:
Do the bottom of the child’s shoes show uneven wear patterns?
Does the child walk irregularly? Is one leg longer than the other or do feet turn in or out excessively?
Do preschoolers walk on their toes?
Does the child often trip or stumble?
Does the child complain of tired legs, night pains and cramping?
If parents take time to perform these checks, they will identify symptoms of common foot ailments, such as ingrown nails, and more serious foot disorders like flat feet that can hamper a child’s performance in physical education classes and sports. If a child’s shoe is worn on the big toe side of the foot, it could be a sign of poor arch support or flat feet.
Tips for Kid’s Shoe Shopping
Parents can spot several potential foot problems by observing kids’ walking patterns. For example, if a parent determines that one leg is longer than the other, heel lifts may be required to restore proper balance. Early intervention may prevent scoliosis (curvature of spine) later in life.
Toe-walking in younger children can result from too much time spent in walkers as toddlers. Parents are urged take action to correct tightness in the Achilles tendon area that occurs from excessive toe-walking. Recommended stretching exercises that can be fun for small children and will help prevent lower back pain as they get older.
For those beginning college, heel pain and shin splints can plague freshmen not acclimated to walking long distances across campus to attend classes. Often in the fall students complain about pain from walking so much everyday. Recommended daily stretching and proper walking shoes, and for those with deformities such as hammertoes, surgery is often advised to make walking more comfortable.
Parents also should heed complaints about tired legs, heel pain and leg or foot cramps at night. There’s no such thing as ‘growing pains,’ so when kids complain about leg and foot pain they might have flat feet or another disorder that should be evaluated immediately. She added that children with flat feet are at risk for arthritis later in life if the problem is left untreated.
Parents who think they notice a potential foot problem should have the child evaluated by a qualified podiatric foot and ankle surgeon.
Fitting Kids Shoes
Making sure that your child’s athletic shoes are comfortable and fit well is very important.
The bones in children’s feet are not fully developed until the age of 12 – 13 years old. The pressure from ill-fitting shoes – which increases during activity – can force bones to align incorrectly at the joints.
Various experts offer the following tips to help determine if your child’s shoes fit properly:
- Measure both feet and fit the larger foot.
- Check the fit when the child is standing and both shoes are completely laced-up.
- Press toe area with your thumb. There should be about one-half inch (1.25 centimetres) between the end of the longest toe (not always the big toe) and the tip of the shoe.
- Be certain that the ball of the foot is at the widest part of the shoe.
- The heel should fit snugly, not tight, to prevent slippage
- Check the top line of the shoe for rubbing against the ankle.
- Use a ‘Double Fit Check Service’ whereby a second knowledgeable salesperson checks the fit of the shoe to ensure correct size and comfort.
- Have your child jump, run and twist in place to make sure the shoes are comfortable.
- You shouldn’t need to “break-in” athletic shoes. If they don’t feel good in the store, select a different style.
The following is a recommended guide for checking the fit of children’s shoes:
0 – 18 months fit every 1 – 2 months
18 – 24 months fit every 2 – 3 months
2 – 3 years fit every 3 – 4 months
3 years and up fit every 4 – 6 months
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